Pretrial Release Authority For Special Judges-2018 Oklahoma Laws #26

Any county may establish and fund a pretrial program to be used by the district court in that jurisdiction. When a pretrial release program is established and private bail has not been furnished, the judge may order a person to be evaluated through the pretrial program. After conducting an evaluation of the person applying for pretrial release, the pretrial program will make a recommendation to the court. The recommendation will indicate any special supervisory conditions for pretrial release. The judge will consider the recommendations and may grant or deny pretrial release. The presiding judge of the judicial district may issue a standing order outlining criteria for cases that may automatically be evaluated for pretrial release by a pretrial program operating in the jurisdiction. The standing order may include amounts for bail and types of bonds deemed appropriate for certain offenses.

Who Isn’t Eligible For Pretrial Release

 Oklahoma judge pretrial releaseExcept as otherwise authorized by this law, people accused of or detained for any of the following offenses or conditions aren’t eligible for pretrial release by any pretrial program:

  1. Aggravated driving under the influence of an intoxicating substance;
  2. Any felony driving under the influence of an intoxicating substance;
  3. Any offense prohibited by the Trafficking In Illegal Drugs Act;
  4. Any person having a violent felony conviction within the past ten (10) years;
  5. Appeal bond;
  6. Arson in the first degree, including attempts to commit arson in the first degree;
  7. Assault and battery on a police officer;
  8. Bail jumping;
  9. Bribery of a public official;
  10. Burglary in the first or second degree;
  11. Civil contempt proceedings;
  12. Distribution of a controlled dangerous substance, including the sale or possession of a controlled dangerous substance with intent to distribute or conspiracy to distribute;
  13. Domestic abuse, domestic assault or domestic assault and battery with a dangerous weapon, or domestic assault and battery with a deadly weapon;
  14. Driving under the influence of intoxicating substance where property damage or personal injury occurs;
  15. Felony discharging a firearm from a vehicle;
  16. Felony sex offenses;
  17. Fugitive bond or a governor’s fugitive warrant;
  18. Immigration charges;
  19. Kidnapping;
  20. Juvenile or youthful offender detention;
  21. Manslaughter;
  22. Manufacture of a controlled dangerous substance;
  23. Murder in the first degree, including attempts or conspiracy to commit murder in the first degree;
  24. Murder in the second degree, including attempts or conspiracy to commit murder in the second degree;
  25. Negligent homicide;
  26. Out-of-county holds;
  27. Persons currently on pretrial release who are arrested on a new felony offense;
  28. Possession, manufacture, use, sale or delivery of an explosive device;
  29. Possession of a controlled dangerous substance on Schedule I or II of the Controlled Dangerous Substances Act;
  30. Possession of a firearm or other offensive weapon during the commission of a felony;
  31. Possession of a stolen vehicle;
  32. Rape in the first degree, including attempts to commit rape in the first degree;
  33. Rape in the second degree, including attempts to commit rape in the second degree;
  34. Robbery by force or fear; 
  35. Robbery with a firearm or dangerous weapon, including attempts to commit robbery with a firearm or dangerous weapon;
  36. Sexual assault or violent offenses against children;
  37. Shooting with intent to kill;
  38. Stalking or violation of a Victim Protection Order;
  39. Two or more prior felony convictions; or
  40. Unauthorized use of a motor vehicle.

Exceptions to Pretrial Release Rules

A person not eligible for pretrial release pursuant to above may be released upon order of a district judge, associate district judge, or–now–special judge under conditions prescribed by the judge. Said conditions may include an order to require the defendant, as a condition of pretrial release, to use or participate in any monitoring or testing including, but not limited to, a Global Positioning System (GPS) monitoring device and urinalysis testing. The court may further order the defendant to pay costs and expenses related to any supervision, monitoring, or testing.

Pretrial Services Programs

Every pretrial services program operating pursuant to these provisions must meet the following minimum criteria:

  1. The program must establish a procedure for screening and evaluating people who are detained or have been arrested for the alleged commission of a crime. The program must obtain criminal history records on detained persons through the National Crime Information Center (NCIC). The information obtained from the screening and evaluation process must be submitted in a written report without unnecessary delay to the judge who is assigned to hear pretrial release applications when the person is eligible for pretrial release;
  2. The program must provide reliable information to the judge relating to the person applying for pretrial release so a reasonable decision can be made concerning the amount and type of bail appropriate for pretrial release. The information provided must be based upon facts relating to the person’s risk of danger to the community and the risk of failure to appear for court; and
  3. The program must make all reasonable attempts to provide the court with information appropriate to each person considered for pretrial release.

A pretrial program may provide different methods and levels of community-based supervision to meet any court-ordered conditions of release. The program may use existing supervision methods for persons who are released prior to trial. Pretrial programs which employ peace officers certified by the Council on Law Enforcement Education and Training (CLEET) are authorized to enforce court-ordered conditions of release.

Each pretrial program must provide a quarterly report to the presiding judge of the judicial district of the jurisdiction in which it operates. A copy of the report will be filed of record with the court clerk of the jurisdiction. The report will include, but is not limited to:

  1. The total number of people screened, evaluated or otherwise considered for pretrial release;
  2. The total number and nature of recommendations made;
  3. The number of people admitted to pretrial release that failed to appear; and
  4. Any other information deemed appropriate by the reporting judicial district or that the program desires to report.

Every pretrial release program must use the services of local providers; provided, however, any program in continuous existence since July 1, 1999, is exempt from this rule.  

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